The World Health Organization released new data Monday documenting some significant progress in the battle against HIV and TB. In a report on progress in reaching the Millennium Development Goals, the WHO says that HIV incidence is declining and TB treatment is improving.
Here are the details from WHO:
From 2001 to 2008 new HIV infections worldwide declined by 16%. In 2008, 2.7 million people contracted the virus and there were 2 million HIV/AIDS-related deaths. In 2008, around 45% of the 1.4 million HIV-positive, pregnant women in low- and middle-income countries received antiretroviral therapy (ART) to prevent the transmission of HIV to their babies. More than 4 million people in low- and middle-income countries were receiving ART by the end of 2008 but that left more than 5 million untreated HIV-positive people in these countries.
Despite a rise in the number of new tuberculosis (TB) cases worldwide – due to an increase in population – more people are being successfully treated. TB mortality among HIV-negative people has dropped from 30 deaths per 100 000 people in 1990 to 21 deaths per 100 000 in 2008. However, HIV-associated TB and multidrug-resistant TB are harder to diagnose and cure.
Click here for the full report.