Monthly Archives: November 2016

Raise profile, funding of global TB response to match advances seen in HIV, Malaria efforts report says

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Over the first 15 years of this century, as efforts against the “big three” global infectious diseases — HIV, malaria and tuberculosis — accelerated, the numbers of new HIV infections dropped by 32 percent, and the number of deaths caused by the virus declined by 31 percent. Malaria infections dropped by 18 percent, and deaths […]

WHO issues guidelines for HIV self-testing, partner notification

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Noting persisting lags in HIV diagnoses, particularly among men, adolescents and people — including men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, and individuals who earn income through sex work — who are marginalized by discriminatory laws and policies, the World Health Organization today released guidelines to help nations and programs use self-testing for HIV as […]

Zika: An emergency evolves into an enduring public health threat with long-term demands

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“Many unknowns” continue to accompany the spread of the virus linked to neurological birth defects and Guillain Barre syndrome, while new questions surround funding for research, responses and the collateral damage of delays In Brazil, where the link between the Zika virus and babies born with microcephaly to women who had been infected during pregnancy […]

Project shows how to increase HIV treatment retention: Use the data you already have

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The following is a guest post by Kate Klein, Catherine Barker, Michelle Li, and Nena do Nascimento Surprisingly little emphasis is placed on retention in care compared to other issues in the HIV sphere. For example, at the recent 2016 International AIDS Conference, only two of more than 200 sessions focused on this topic; and […]

ASTMH 2016: Impacts of TB go widely unrecognized, unaddressed in maternal and child health services

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ATLANTA, Ga – Modeling suggests that tuberculosis is responsible for 6 to 15 percent of all maternal mortality. But real data remains elusive. While evidence indicates greater risks for women during pregnancy of progressing from tuberculosis infection to illness, national TB reporting in highly affected countries does not include information on whether patients are pregnant […]

ASTMH 2016: Initiative engages low-income countries in responses to antimicrobial resistance

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ATLANTA, Ga – Eight years ago, the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy broadened its U.S.-based work on antimicrobial resistance to reach out to a small number of low-income countries. The goal, presenters here said Wednesday, was to support creation of in-country groups that could build national responses to antimicrobial resistance. The hope, Hellen […]

ASTMH 2016: Online resource offers platform for clinicians and researchers working on drug-resistant tuberculosis

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ATLANTA, Ga – An interactive online portal now allows clinicians and researchers across five countries heavily affected by drug-resistant tuberculosis to exchange and analyze information that includes X-rays, scans, genomic information and clinical data that includes types of resistance, co-infections, and outcomes of patients whose disease does not respond to the two most effective TB […]

ASTMH 2016: HIV cure trials can meet challenges in Africa, researcher says

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ATLANTA, Ga –  The challenges the quest for an HIV cure faces include the failure of every strategy so far, dissension surrounding patient selection for trials, and a reservoir of HIV virus that will only dissipate of its own accord over a 70-year period in most HIV-infected individuals, Dr. Robert Murphy from Northwestern University said […]

ASTMH 2016: Fungal infections still kill too many people with HIV

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ATLANTA, Ga – By the time the vast majority of people who have HIV reach testing and treatment for the virus, they have had it long enough, Greg Greene of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said here today, that they are vulnerable to deadly fungal infections. One, cryptococcal meningitis, causes 11 percent […]

Can big data fill gaps in epidemic awareness, responses? Researchers say yes, with caveats

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With social media, cell phone logs, online news reports and electronic medical records, researchers say, “big data” is getting bigger, and can go where traditional infectious disease surveillance can’t . . . The more that was learned about how and where Ebola was spreading during the 2014-2015 crisis in West Africa, the more quickly it […]