Monthly Archives: January 2011

An update on the anti-prostitution pledge

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This question and answer session with Rebekah Diller, the deputy director of the Justice Program at the Brennan Center for Justice at the New York University School of Law, discusses the anti-prostitution pledge faced by grantees of the U.S. President’s emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). What is the anti-prostitution pledge (also known as the […]

CDC releases interim guidelines on PrEP

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The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released interim guidance for the use of antiretroviral medication as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for high-risk gay and bisexual men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States. The guidance was released in this week’s edition of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).

“For MSM whose behaviors place them at high risk for HIV infection and who do not use other effective prevention methods consistently, PrEP might reduce their risk for HIV infection” …

Prominent Ugandan human rights activist murdered

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Photo courtesy of the Guardian

David Kato, a prominent human rights activist fighting for the rights of lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) persons in Uganda, died Wednesday on the way to the hospital after a brutal beating in his home. Witnesses reported to police that a man entered Kato’s home and hit him twice in the head, before escaping the scene in a vehicle.

Across the nation, community groups are coming together to condemn Kato’s killing and calling on the Ugandan government, civil society and local communities to protect sexual minorities. U.S. based advocates are calling on the U.S. government to continue its pressure on the Ugandan government to protect the human rights of sexual minorities…

New TB vaccine shows promise, Stop TB Partnership puts on a new face, and more…

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The following is a collection of recent articles and news pieces making headlines in HIV/TB: TB Vaccine shows promise in preventing latent and active TB in Mice; Stop TB Partnership puts on a new face; Scientists map out complete structure of HIV’s outer shell; Risk of stroke increasing among HIV positives; and a three-drug regimen halves risk of HIV transmission during breastfeeding.

AP news article cites fraud in four Global Fund grants

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A news report published Sunday by the Associated Press, claiming broad misuse of funds granted by The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, is causing quite a stir in the global health community and spurred a response from the Fund Monday.

The headline for the AP story – “Fraud plagues global health fund” – would appear to be misleading since the article and the Fund are discussing fraud affecting only a very small number of grants. The Fund is seeking recovery of $34 million in misused funds, which is 0.26 percent of Global Fund disbursements to date…

USAID’s Shah taking steps to improve oversight, increase transparency

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Marking a year in at his post as Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), Dr. Rajiv Shah addressed a packed audience Wednesday regarding the “Modern Development Enterprise,” and detailing the agency’s ambitious reform agenda – USAID Forward. Oversight and transparency will be key features.

112th Congress & Global Health: Additional Profiles of Key Republican House Leaders

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This article is a follow-up to an earlier post to Science Speaks exploring Republican members of the new Congress who are key players in global health policy and funding.

Rep. Denny Rehberg (R-MT), Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL), Rep. Christopher Smith (R-NJ), Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA), and Rep. Joe Pitts (R-PA) are examined, including their voting records on key legislation such as whether or not they supported the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, or PEPFAR.

WHO issues new guidelines for TB prevention among HIV-positives

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The World Health Organization (WHO) has released updated guidelines for preventing TB among persons living with HIV in resource-limited countries, including the recommendation that those presenting without active TB receive at least six months of isoniazid prophylaxis treatment (IPT).

TB is the most common killer of HIV positive people, and approximately 380,000 people living with HIV die from TB every year.

In order to adequately identify candidates for the isoniazid therapy, a simple, standardized TB screening rule for people living with HIV in resource-constrained settings is included in the guidelines…

Profiles of House Republicans key to global health funding

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A tough political environment for global health funding

The new Congress brings about a number of important changes to the U.S. House of Representatives’ Appropriations Subcommittee, which determines most of the funding levels for U.S. global health programs through the State and Foreign Operations Subcommittee. Among other programs, this subcommittee plays a major role in determining annual funding levels for the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) program, global tuberculosis, and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria. It can also use the appropriations process to effect policy changes by conditioning the use of funds.

Can the U.S. re-emerge as a force in medical innovation?

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That was the question addressed in a symposium held at the Newseum in Washington, DC, Wednesday. “The goal is not only economic strength and the creation of jobs,” said former House Majority Leader Dick Gephardt, one of many high-level panelists invited to participate at the symposium. “But I firmly believe we will reduce health care […]