Monthly Archives: March 2016

Dengue vaccine candidate protects fully in controlled human challenge trial

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Findings, process can further vaccine quests, researchers say An experimental vaccine against dengue completely protected the 21 volunteers  who received it and were subsequently exposed to the virus, while the 20 volunteers who received a placebo instead developed infection after exposure, a study published today in Science Translational Medicine found. Researchers who conducted the human challenge trial say the results bode well […]

From PEPFAR to Ebola response, to Zika, to next pandemic, panel looks at returns on U.S. investments in global health

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Lesson: “We’re only as safe as the most vulnerable people in the most vulnerable places in the world” Two years after Médecins Sans Frontières advised the world to pay attention to the unprecedented spread of Ebola across West Africa, and a little more than a month after President Obama asked Congress to provide $1.8 million […]

Comprehensive health responses and lessons from HIV can guide efforts to confront sexual transmission of Ebola

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Persistence of virus calls for on the ground research, services, and new diagnostic, surveillance capacities Before the most recent Ebola crisis, scientists knew that the virus had been detected in genital fluids, but the reality that a virus spread through contact with sick and deceased infected people can also be sexually transmitted by recovered survivors […]

Hope for more answers on women’s HIV prevention, a reminder of how denialism was conquered, and a network of laboratories in Africa . . . We’re reading about pubic health and progress

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This device could stop HIV’s spread . . . Were the results of the recent ASPIRE and Ring trials of antiretroviral-loaded vaginal rings to protect against HIV acquisition exciting, or disappointing? This article by Heather Boerner delves into the hopes pinned on trial results that ranged from zero effectiveness for the most at-risk age group […]

Frieden and Fauci: While evidence of Zika impacts mounts, lack of funding complicates response, slows work on other health threats

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“There is nothing about Zika control that is quick and easy,” CDC director says Citing growing evidence linking Zika virus to microcephaly and other abnormalities potentially affecting sight, hearing, and development of babies born to infected women, as well as to Guillain–Barré syndrome among adults, U.S. health response and research leaders said lack of funding […]

Vector control, vaccines, diagnostics top list of Zika research priorities

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A month after the World Health Organization’s recognition that the spread of the Zika virus and accompanying clusters of neurological birth defects and disorders constituted an international public health emergency, 67 research entities were at work on diagnostic tools, treatments, vaccine candidates and vector control products to confront the disease. Today a WHO-convened panel released […]

WHO Zika committee: Strong but not conclusive links to GBS, microcephaly, other neurological damage, wider spread, “alarming,” prompted update to recommendations

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Of $56 million needed for international response, $3 million has come in, WHO says The second meeting of the World Health Organization Emergency Committee examining the international health emergency posed by the Zika virus and clusters of microcephaly cases and other neurological disorders in recently affected areas weighed new reports today and found increasing evidence […]

PEPFAR Report to Congress reviews advances, accomplishments, opportunities, cites challenge of growing populations among most at risk

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While incidence rates drop, actual numbers of new infections could rise steeply In 2015, the more than 68 million people tested for HIV with support from the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief included 14.7 million pregnant women, the program’s latest report to Congress, released Monday, notes. Among the results of that testing were […]

Evidence grows that Zika virus causes fetal and neurological abnormalities

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After studies last week strengthened the link between Zika virus and fetal abnormalities, including microcephaly, as well as to the neurological Guillain–Barré syndrome in adults, World Health Organization officials have called for a meeting of the emergency committee examining the international health threat posed by the virus to discuss recommendations on travel, trade, and ways to […]

TB transmission in Nebraska, the story of one Ebola outbreak, Zika’s impact on travelers and more . . . We’re reading a ‘local threats are global threats’ edition of the MMWR

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It’s a small world after all, the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report released today shows Possible Airborne Person-to-Person Transmission of Mycobacterium bovis – A bacteria that mainly affects cattle, Myobacterium bovis is a type of TB that can spread to humans who consume unpasteurized dairy products. That’s what public health officials believe happened to […]