Monthly Archives: October 2016

HIVR4P 2016: Circumcision offers major contribution to ending HIV epidemic as a public health threat

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CHICAGO – Kenya’s medical circumcision program launched early with ambition, charting circumcisions performed for 1.3 million men by the end of 2015, leaving evaluators asking what is and what will be the impact of this HIV prevention intervention on the epidemic? Through the lens of the clinical trials that showed that circumcision can reduce the risk […]

HIVR4P 2016: From development to delivery, making innovation useful takes planning

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CHICAGO –  Anne Philpott of the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development got curious as she scanned the program of this uniquely HIV-prevention oriented conference, and conducted a keyword search. She found: 996 references to PrEP (or Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis); 841 references to sex (including references to sexually transmitted infections); 219 references to ARV (or antiretroviral medicines that […]

HIVR4P 2016: From dapivirine rings to multipurpose prevention tools, “we still have a huge job ahead of us”

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CHICAGO – The last time she visited Africa, Sharon Hillier recounts, she met a local woman who was unimpressed with the work scientists had done so far to protect women living in low-resource settings, exposed to multiple risks. You need to get back to work and make something we can use, Hillier, a microbiologist at the University […]

HIVR4P 2016: Services for female sex workers show low cost impact

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CHICAGO – Presentations this morning highlighted efforts to reach female sex workers with data from studies in South Africa, Rwanda and Kenya that provided HIV self-testing, antiretroviral treatment, pre-exposure prophylactic use of antiretroviral drugs — PrEP — and other services. In a South Africa study looking at the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of engaging female sex workers […]

HIVR4P 2016: “The undiagnosed and untreated are still the key drivers of the epidemic”

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CHICAGO – While basic science discussed here lays the ground work for steps through laboratories and clinics that are hoped to lead eventually to lasting control of HIV, a starting session today explored the realities that, confronted immediately, will slow the pandemic’s momentum, and lower its toll. From the hardest hit countries in Africa to the […]

Global burden of disease report shows gains made from HIV response, work that remains to respond to infectious disease

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Global life expectancy has increased by 10.2 years since 1980, with the most marked increases occurring over the past decade in Sub-Saharan Africa, where the expansion of antiretroviral therapy and prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV activities have expanded life expectancy by more than ten years in countries with the highest HIV burdens. Zimbabwe in […]

HIVR4P 2016: Live from Chicago

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CHICAGO – As the quest of new biomedical tools and interventions to prevent HIV infection and illness continues, Science Speaks is in Chicago this week covering the HIV Research For Prevention — HIVR4P 2016 — Conference. The conference promises news of developments in HIV treatment as prevention, pre-exposure prophylaxis, circumcision (or, as they say here, TasP, […]

WHO Global TB report: New data raises estimates of illness, death

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While more than half a million fell ill with drug-resistant tuberculosis requiring second-line treatments last year, just one in five received it Improved data collection shows a larger than previously estimated global disease burden and toll of tuberculosis, while progress against the disease remains stalled, the World Health Organization’s 2016 Global Tuberculosis Report shows. The […]

Stephen Lawn: Brought faith, humor, love for Africa, and unending determination to quest for answers to TB, HIV

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Professor Stephen Lawn, physician researcher, author, and teacher, March 13,1966 – Sept. 23, 2016 It was an expedition across the Sahara desert in the late 1980s, Stephen Lawn said later, that changed the course of his life, to one driven by faith and ultimately focused on fighting the impacts of HIV and tuberculosis. The career […]

A commitment without a target, a shifting landscape, dollars in diagnostics . . . We’re reading about antimicrobial resistance and baby steps

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UN declaration on antimicrobial resistance lacks targets – While the 700,000 people who die of drug-resistant infections worldwide annually could increase to 10 million without concerted and collaborative action over the next few decades, the commitment finalized at the recent United Nations High-Level meeting to address the problem doesn’t ask much of the nations signing […]