Monthly Archives: August 2018

What we’re reading: Changes needed to stop Ebola, other threats of pan-epidemic potential

By on .

Health-care worker infections add to Ebola challenge in Congo – The challenges arising when a new Ebola outbreak surfaces in an area where the virus hasn’t been seen before include the exposure of frontline health workers without experience in necessary detection and protection measures. The resulting infections among medical staff who are needed most and […]

TB treatment trial aims to consign lengthier, more toxic regimens to history

By on .

With the enrollment of its first patients in Eastern Europe, the largest trial yet to test a four-drug, four-month treatment regimen against tuberculosis will set out to demonstrate whether fewer medicines, over a shorter length of time can cure nearly all TB patients. The trial, which will launch in Tbilisi, the capital of the country of […]

Social services support improved adherence to tuberculosis treatment

By on .

The following is a guest post by Siân L. Curtis of MEASURE Evaluation People treated for tuberculosis in Ukraine are more likely to stay on their medication if they receive some social services, according to a study conducted by MEASURE Evaluation, funded by USAID. Ukraine is among 20 countries that have the world’s highest burden of drug-resistant […]

As deadline approaches for HIV control testing and treatment targets, sex workers still face “glaring gaps” between services and access

By on .

Authors of 2014 recommendations to tackle HIV among sex workers revisit literature and find impacts of pandemic, structural drivers continue to be “under addressed and under-resourced” When, in the months leading up to the 2014 International AIDS Conference in Melbourne, a team of researchers put together a series of articles examining the drivers and impacts  […]

Access to on-the-spot testing led to improved rates of treatment for infants with HIV

By on .

Tests to detect HIV in infants conducted at health facilities where they received care led to a significant increase in the percentage of infants with the virus given access to life-saving treatment, compared to tests analyzed in central laboratories, according to a report in Clinical Infectious Diseases. The report notes that the findings have critical […]

What we’re reading: Tracking infections and opioids, treating TB, Kofi Annan and global health — following evidence to do the right thing

By on .

Infectious disease monitoring: More care needed to control impacts of opioid crisis – Surveillance that spots rises in rates of diseases linked to injecting drug use, care that combines treatment for addiction and for infections, and a workforce trained and ready to respond to the opioid crisis across Kentucky and the nation are needed now, […]

WHO recommends superior, injection-free regimen for drug-resistant TB

By on .

New, more effective medicines replace painful daily shots, drugs causing psychosis, permanent hearing loss; TB and medical communities welcome change, say recommended drugs must be accessible, affordable Saying rates of cured cases of drug-resistant tuberculosis could be increased with access to an oral regimen of newer, more effective and less toxic medicines, the World Health Organization […]

Vaccinations begin in new Zika prevention trial

By on .

A trial to test the safety of, and immune response prompted by, the latest candidate for a vaccine to protect against Zika virus infection has begun with injections among the first of what is planned to be 28 adult participants. Of the participants, 20 will receive an injection of a live, weakened non-replicating Zika virus created […]

Ebola outbreak: In second week, cases and deaths in North Kivu have surpassed those of three-month Equateur outbreak just ended

By on .

With Ebola confirmation in seven health workers, hospital staff of 74 on leave, replaced, WHO leader says With 57 apparent Ebola cases — 30 of which are confirmed — and 41 deaths so far from the outbreak that was recognized in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s North Kivu province two weeks ago, the toll of […]

What we’re reading: Latest DRC Ebola outbreak poses new challenges, highlights ongoing R & D, training and resource needs

By on .

Sustained US preparedness needed for Ebola and other pan-epidemic threats – Dr. Daniel Lucey of Georgetown University’s O’Neil Institute is familiar both with the on-the-ground obstacles to preventing the spread of disease with pandemic potential, and the on-the-ground consequences of delayed or inadequate responses. Having completed two volunteer stints caring for patients during the 2013-2016 […]