Monthly Archives: November 2018

Senate extends PEPFAR, while funding remains a question

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With a matter-of-fact and unanimous approval of the PEPFAR Extension Act of 2018, a five-year renewal of the U.S. flagship program to combat HIV globally, the U.S. Senate Wednesday evening showed that what was once considered revolutionary, can now be considered routine. Perceptions that efforts to stop the spread of an incurable virus across countries […]

Ebola studies highlight long-delayed momentum in face of unprecedented obstacles

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Knowledge gained during West Africa’s outbreak, from persistence of infections to a vaccine’s potential and needs to integrate research are informing responses A little more than a month after the first time Liberia was declared free of the Ebola outbreak that had devastated communities from its most remote reaches to its capital, an oral swab […]

Study finds diverse, but generally young and single men posing greatest HIV transmission risks to adolescent girls and young women

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Reaching young men with prevention, treatment improves odds for female partners The following is a guest post by Jen Chapman of MEASURE Evaluation AIDS is the leading cause of death for adolescent girls in eastern and southern Africa. Adolescent girls and young women are disproportionately affected by HIV compared to their male counterparts, accounting for 74 […]

WHO 2018 Malaria report finds increased cases amid stalled responses

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Declining rates of malaria infection and deaths since 2010 are leveling off, with the highest burden countries seeing increased case numbers, and dropping donor funding, according to the 2018 global report on Malaria from the World Health Organization. At the same time, increased parasite resistance to antimalarial medicines in Southeast Asia, and widespread mosquito resistance […]

What we’re reading: From political machinations, to vulnerability on the frontlines, the insecurity of global health security

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Global Health Security: Protecting the United States in an Interconnected World – The reasons to ensure that all countries have the skills, staff and tools they need to detect, prevent, respond to and contain outbreaks of infectious diseases can be counted by the numbers of people spared from preventable illness and death, and by the […]

Zika prevention measures in Puerto Rico validate, inform responses to other diseases

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How do you change other people’s habits — from what they wear, to whether they use condoms —  in the interests of their health and public health? In Puerto Rico, during the height of the Zika epidemic there, the stakes were high, as the devastating neurological impacts of the mosquito-born virus on children born to […]

As cases of polio-like illness triple from previous year, public health officials increase surveillance, follow-up

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Two years after launching surveillance of acute flaccid myelitis, and amid climbing cases, CDC continues to seek cause, and notes gaps in knowledge of long term outcomes With three times the number of cases of a paralyzing illness, mostly affecting children, from the start of 2018 to the beginning of November than during that period […]

State Department objects to Tanzania LGBT persecution without noting health impacts; IAS delineates damage to HIV responses

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The U.S. Department of State today issued an expression of concern over Tanzanian government actions targeting its LGBT population, noting that the violence, oppression and intimidation recently unleashed “inhibits development, economic prosperity, peace and security.” Missing from those cited global goals is health, although health is a driver of all of them, while discrimination, bias, […]

Start of Ebola vaccinations in Uganda tells more of setbacks, continued hurdles, than progress

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The announcement Wednesday that vaccinations against Ebola have begun for Uganda health workers in districts bordering the Democratic Republic of Congo “even before Uganda detects a single case,” as the World Health Organization put it, can be seen, as the agency’s release said, as evidence that “health authorities are being cautious, having learnt bitter lessons […]

What we’re reading: Do forbidden words, restrictive policies compromise leadership of infectious disease responses?

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Trumps State Department eyes ban on terms like “sexual health” – Whether this could or will actually happen, leaving programs for “sexual and reproductive health services,” as just “reproductive health services” remains unclear. This Politico report notes, however, that one of the current administration’s first moves in 2017  was to reinstate, expand, and rename the global gag rule, […]