Tag Archives: South Africa

HIV: Best practices lead to a practical guide for lowering mother-to-child transmission of HIV

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The following is a guest post by Elizabeth Sutherland, PhD, of MEASURE Evaluation The Partnership for HIV-Free Survival was an innovative project designed to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV in six sub-Saharan African countries: Kenya, Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda. An evaluation of these programs, conducted in 2018, revealed several best practices that […]

Africa and COVID-19: Facts, figures, and myths

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The following is a guest post by Dr. Bertha Serwa Ayi China has been courting African nations for years. Chinese investment and infrastructure include the $200 million African Union headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia as well as a glistening medical school nestled in greenery of the Volta Region of Ghana. With the volume of Chinese […]

CROI 2019: PopART HIV prevention study brings confirmation but also questions

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Door-to-door HIV counseling and testing, followed by immediate access to treatment led to incidence drops — but with a caveat . . . SEATTLE – When the PopART study began in Zambia and  South Africa five years ago, the measures it would test among roughly a million people were so obviously beneficial, that the results […]

Stigma surrounding tuberculosis keeps patients from services, worsens health risks, but remains largely unmeasured, unaddressed

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Interviews in Kenya, Tanzania and Namibia health facilities found that the more staff knew about patients’ rights, the likelier they were to recognize — and report — discrimination against people with tuberculosis. A study in Lesotho found links between stigma surrounding HIV and TB and increased rates of depression and alcohol use among co-infected patients. […]

Petition asks BRICS to triple TB R&D funding

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Global tuberculosis treatment advocates and activists are asking leaders of the five countries that are home to almost half of all tuberculosis illnesses and deaths to triple their funding for research and development of new medicines and technologies to prevent, diagnose, and treat the leading infectious disease killer worldwide, on a petition that will be […]

Large scale TB screening in prisons, jails can be done, should be done, researchers say

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A program that screened more than 7000 inmates for tuberculosis at four South Africa correctional facilities showed that a large number of inmates could be diagnosed with TB and quickly begin treatment in a setting where confronting the disease is widely considered critical to broader public health objectives, an article released today in Open Forum […]

Ambassador Deborah Birx on viral load testing, young women, South Africa, and the T word

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In Part 2 of a Science Speaks interview with PEPFAR’s new leader, Ambassador Deborah Birx looked at impact, accountability and transparency in a sustainable response. When Dr. Deborah Birx was sworn in as the fourth leader of the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief in April, she confronted a unprecedentedly complex, and some said, […]

HIV patients starting treatment with advanced illnesses highlight need to improve testing, care links, authors say

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A letter in this month’s Clinical Infectious Diseases backs earlier findings that even as access to medicine for HIV has expanded and greatly increased the numbers of people receiving treatment for the virus, large numbers of patients still are starting treatment in advanced stages of illness that earlier treatment would have prevented. One result, the […]

Global health donor proliferation without coordination raises questions of redundancy, inefficiency, burdens to hosts — and impact

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In basic numbers, this is some of what the last decade of donor awakening has totaled up to across the global health landscape: 37 donors responding to HIV in 143 countries; 22 donors responding to tuberculosis in 109 countries; 27 donors responding to malaria in 86 countries; 36 donors responding to family planning and reproductive […]

South Africa HIV incidence, prevalence, behavior survey raises questions

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What does it mean when the country with the largest HIV epidemic in the world sees prevalence of the virus rise? In South Africa, one of the last countries in Africa to make treatment available to those who needed it and now home to the largest antiretroviral treatment program on earth, it means that more […]