According to “Mapping the Donor Landscape in Global Health: Tuberculosis”, another contribution to a series launched by the Kaiser Family Foundation, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria and direct U.S. financing constitute 81 percent of global TB assistance and account for more than 75 percent of funding received in every region in the world. The Global Fund, providing TB support to 103 countries is far and away the leading donor to global TB control, providing 60 percent of all funding. The other three of the top 5 donors defined by magnitude of funding are Canada (6 percent), the World Bank (4 percent) and the United Kingdom (4 percent). Donor assistance for tuberculosis was pegged at $785 million in 2011 according to a Kaiser Family Foundation analysis.
The overall amount of TB assistance is far less than that allocated for HIV or malaria and the number of donors is also smaller making the global response to TB incredibly dependent on the Global Fund and U.S. direct aid, and requiring close donor coordination to ensure the best return on a relatively modest investment in the world’s second leading infectious disease killer.