1 The scientific and humanitarian progress made against HIV over the last three and a half decades is an unprecedented testimony to the power of commitment and compassion: 15 million people with HIV are on treatment that gives them the opportunity to live normal healthy lives.
2 Cuba has eliminated parent-to-child transmission of HIV, and other nations are nearing that milestone.
3 HPTN 052, the clinical trial that proved in 2011 that antiretroviral treatment for HIV also prevents transmission formally concluded this year and confirmed those findings.
4 This year, two clinical trials also proved that antiretroviral treatment can more than halve rates of HIV-related deaths and serious illnesses, including tuberculosis, and prompted the World Health Organization to recommend immediate treatment for all people diagnosed with HIV.
5 Repeated clinical trial results have shown that antiretroviral medicines taken consistently as prophylaxis against infection protects uninfected people from the virus.
6 While improved medicines, likely including long-acting injectable drugs, will simplify HIV treatment and prevention and lower costs of care, ending HIV as a global health threat will require firmer commitment to human rights than evidenced so far, and greater investment than ever before.
7 With an estimated 37 million people living with HIV today, fewer than half the people who need treatment are receiving it, and the numbers of people living with HIV continues to increase.
8 Last year, 1.2 million people died of HIV-related causes, including 400,000 people from tuberculosis, a treatable, curable illness.
9 Funding for HIV research is essentially flat, and funding for HIV treatment and prevention globally is lower than it was five years ago.
10 The world can conquer HIV, but hasn’t yet.